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Roman Pompeii participated in many successful Roman military campaigns.
In this period Rome defeated its arch-rivals Carthage and Corinth, razing the cities to the ground and ending the period of Greek dominance in the region.
This was a very prosperous time for Pompeii, as Rome rewarded its allies generously.
The Forum and many others buildings were built.
This statue of Apollo was a gift from the general of the Corinth expedition, Lucius Mummius Achaicus, to thank Pompeii for its military contribution.