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La Victoire de Samothrace, Unknown, 190 BC

Pompeii

1st c. AD

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Almost there! One of our final stops is Pompeii's amphitheatre.

Pompeii's amphitheatre is one of the oldest amphitheatre known in the Roman world.

It could seat 20,000 people and would attract crowds from both Pompeii and neighbouring cities.

Its layout is considered "near optimal" by experts today.

It seems to have been a gift by two wealthy Pompeiians to the city.

Gladiators were true rockstars in Roman society.

Graffiti across town show their popularity.

"Celadus the Thracian gladiator is the delight of all the girls."

"May he who vandalises this picture (of two gladiators) incur the wrath of Pompeian Venus."

There were also adverts throughout town promoting the games :

"D.L.S.V, perpetual priest of Nero... offers 20 pairs of gladiators and... his son offers 10 pairs of gladiators, on 28 March. There will be a hunt and awnings."

Gigantic awnings would be drawn to protect the audience from the sun.

You can still see the large rings that secured the masts today.

Roman games are another example of how Roman was both so similar and so different from our owns.

The games were extremely violent.

They could see up to 40 gladiators fight at once over several days.

It was extremely unlikely for a gladiator to survive more than 10 combats.

The two corridors leading out from the pit were one where the fighters would come in, and the other where they would be dragged out by hooks if they died.

At the height of the Roman empire, there were 400 amphitheatres, responsible for 8,000 gladiator deaths a year - either slaves, captured soldiers or paid volunteers.

For the inauguration of the Colosseum alone, 9,000 animals were killed.

The audience could be rowdy too.

In 59 BC, a massive fight broke out between Pompeiian and Nucerian supporters.

The many casualties led the Roman senate to impose a 10-year ban on gladiator combats.

Graffiti around Pompeii commemorate the event - and boast of Pompeii's victory!

La Joconde, de Vinci (1519)

Next:

Stabian Baths

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