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La Victoire de Samothrace, Unknown, 190 BC

Pompeii

1st c. AD

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Pompeii had many many bakeries.

They are easily recognisable thanks to their peculiarly shaped lava stones.

Grains would be poured in the funnel at the top.

Wooden beams would then be rotated by slaves, donkeys or employees to crush the grain underneath.

Lava stones were ideal as they were strong enough to crush the flower but not break up into it.

Bread was a staple of Roman diets.

Romans would typically eat it with cheese, honey, fruit, dried meat...

Many Romans would make their own dough, stamp it with their initials and bring it to communal ovens.

Fun fact : during excavations an intact bread oven was found, with 80 carbonised loaves in it!

Many Roman recipes have survived.

"Break fine white bread into rather large pieces, soak in milk and beaten eggs. Fry in oil, cover with honey and serve"! It is the recipe for pain perdu!

Pompeiian bread must have been pretty good.

Indeed a graffiti on a wall in Pompeii reads : "Traveler, you eat bread in Pompeii but you go to Nuceria to drink!"