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La Victoire de Samothrace, Unknown, 190 BC



19th century


At the turn of the century, Paris became a focal point for vanguard artists such as Renoir, Monet, Manet, Picasso...

A lot of this period became attached to Montmartre.

Montmartre at the time was a very rural part of Paris, not officially in the city, with gardens, rundown ateliers and windmills - including the famous Moulin de la Galette, immortalised by artists such as Van Gogh and Renoir.

At the foot of the hill, were many theatres and cabarets - like the Moulin Rouge, the Chat noir, the Elysées Montmartre... which still exist today.

Fun fact : these were initially built outside the official limits of the city - delimited by today's boulevards of Clichy, Rochechouart...- as it meant paying less taxes!

If you happen to go near the Moulin Rouge, take a look at the Avenue Frochot, a peaceful enclave home to artists like Theophile Gautier, Baudelaire, Alexandre Dumas, Gustave Moreau, Toulouse-Lautrec, Degas...

From there, climb the hill of Montmartre.

Take a look at the Moulin de la Galette, now surrounded by buildings.

The Lapin Agile still conveys some of the bohemian vibe of 19th-20th century Montmartre and was a favourite of Picasso, Modigliani and Apollinaire.

Drop by the secretive Hotel Particulier, accessed by a secret door.

Don't miss a peak at the avenue Junot, Villa Leandre and the rue de l'Abreuvoir.

That's it for our walk on the History of Paris! We hope you liked it!

To continue, why not visit the Favorites of the Musée d'Orsay?