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We've seen how Courbet, Manet, Monet and the Impressionists challenged the status quo in a short period of time....

But then in came Cezanne with a bang.

Modern Olympia is a reinterpretation of Manet's Olympia, which had caused such a scandal 10 years prior.

The painting marks a shift from Impressionism to post-Impressionism.

Cezanne retained the subject (a courtesan) but his colours are more vibrant, more delirious and more "modern" than the Impressionists.

The painting was slammed by the critics as the work of a madman.

For Renoir however, it was a masterpiece.

Indeed it was one of the first examples of an artist freeing himself from the new style of Impressionism and paving the way for a new movement - post Impressionism.